- Petition: Include AK Natives in VAWA bit.ly/YPO2JL Did you know we were left out? Too bad our "sovereignty" comes from Congress 6 days ago
- RT @ReactionaryRvw: Keith Preston: "Anti-Imperialists of the World, Unite! Towards an Anarchist Theory of Geopolitics" http://t.co/Vv76Pjyc… 1 week ago
- PIC: Canoes Land at Chief Shakes Island in Wrangell, AK for Hit Tlein Rededication bit.ly/ZFtKDp Shx'at Kwaan on the rise! #NDNz 2 weeks ago
- Warrior cohort has capability to cripple Canadian economy bit.ly/11YyQKC This is 4th Gen Warfare & it's coming to N. America #NDNz 3 weeks ago
- Grim report warns Canada vulnerable to an aboriginal insurrection bit.ly/11YyQKC Suggests payoffs & police state in response #NDNz 3 weeks ago
The following introduction was written by Greg Petrich with the Alaska Chapter, North American Bear Foundation. After the intro is a guest column written by Don Cornelius and Jack Gustafson. Mr. Cornelius and Mr. Gustafson are former Area Biologists with the Alaska Department of Fish and Game Habitat Division; with a combined experience of over 32 years reviewing Tongass National Forest, and private Native corporation logging issues.
Of course these were all Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian lands to begin with. But returning them to Sealaska is not the same as returning them to the tribe.
Calling the Native Youth Movement and American Indian Movement! The National Post reports that The Macdonald-Laurier Institute, a think tank, predicts a possibly grim future for the Canadian Nation State due to unrest among Natives. The reason is a recipe of factors that are trigger points for unrest and insurrection: a high percentage of disadvantaged youths coupled with vulnerable infrastructure. We’ve seen this same recipe recently in the Arab Spring uprising as explained by William Lind in his article The Gangs of Aleppo. All of this points to the possibility of 4th Generation Warfare coming to the North American continent.
From the National Post:
A more pessimistic report, by Douglas Bland, suggests that Canada has all the necessary “feasibility” conditions for a violent native uprising — social fault lines; a large “warrior cohort”; an economy vulnerable to sabotage; a reluctance on the part of governments and security forces to confront aboriginal protests; and a sparsely populated country reliant on poorly defended key infrastructure like rail and electricity lines.
The Oxford research suggests that “feasibility,” rather than root causes, is the foundation for challenging civil authority. In Canada, it seems, unrest is very feasibile. “Social fractionalization” along native and non-native fault lines is obvious. There is a growing warrior cohort — by 2017, 42% of First Nations population on the Prairies will be under 30 — many disadvantaged, poorly educated, unemployed and angry. The economy is dependent on moving resources over long, hard-to-defend transportation routes. Finally, the security forces are limited by capacity and the will of their leaders to confront aboriginal protesters who break the law.
While the Oxford hypothesis suggests feasibility is the determinant and predictor of insurgency, it does not dismiss that grievances do provide motive. And Mr. Bland’s paper reels off some particularly damning statistics: a homicide rate of 8.8/100,000 compared with 1.3/100,000 in the non-aboriginal population; a stratospheric incarceration rate that means 80% of prisoners in Alberta are aboriginal (out of 11% of the population); a high school graduation rate of 24% of 15 to 24-year-olds, compared with 84% in the non-native population; a 40% youth unemployment rate and on and on.
Mr. Bland argues that, in some respects, an uprising has and is occurring, “as a quick head count of the Warrior Cohort inside our penal colonies will demonstrate.”
In the event of an insurgency, the Canadian economy could be shut down in weeks. The 2012 CP Rail strike cost an estimated $540-million a week, as it hit industries including coal, grain, potash, nickel, lumber and autos. Some First Nations leaders like Terry Nelson in Manitoba have already concluded that a covert operation involving burning cars on every railway line would be impossible to stop.
Mr. Bland cites Manitoba, with its vulnerable transportation hub, as a province with a large native population and a relatively small police presence that would be unable to guarantee security in the event of even a modest protest. “The reality is that the security of Manitoba now and in the future is whatever the First Nations allow it to be,” he quotes one security specialist as saying. “[And] as the security guarantee drifts lower, the feasibility of confrontation climbs higher.”
The report goes on to suggest a solution: higher payoffs to First Nations and enhancement and growth of the police state to curb potential unrest. This is the classic carrot and stick approach which has been used for decades to curb unrest among rebellious minority populations, but as Nation States are in decline across the world the question is: how long can they keep this up before their hold over the North American continent blows up in their face?
More from The National Post:
He suggested resource revenue-sharing; a Marshall Plan style reconstruction package that acknowledges some sort of native sovereignty; programs aimed at dealing with aboriginal incarceration; comprehensive resettlement of remote communities; and a well-funded First Nations leadership institution as ways to address some of the frustrations felt by natives on reserves.
But the logic of the feasibility hypothesis means the most effective way to prevent an insurrection is to make one less feasible. Hence, he concludes Ottawa must reinforce the security guarantee in and near First Nations by safeguarding critical transportation infrastructure, beefing up policing on reserves and cracking down on illegal drugs.
The art: Carved from yew wood, with snail operculum embedded into the front.
Tradition: The collar piece is worn in front of the warrior’s face. It is held in place by a mouth piece, typically also made from wood. There are traditionally two eye holes, and a nose indent carved into the piece. Usually these pieces had some kind of formline design carved or painted – or both on it.
Joseph said the wood is steam bent to create the wrap-around form.
The operculum was found on about one quarter of the historical pieces Joseph viewed.
They also had heavy hide sewn onto the bottom so a dagger couldn’t slip through easily.
THE BODY ARMOR
The art: Elk hide armor, with yew wood slat armor on top. Joseph hand made the sinew from Sitka deer, which ties the slats together.
Tradition: The armor is meant to protect against spears, daggers and war clubs. Most hide armor was two-ply. Some had formline art either inside or outside. Slat armor was sewn under the collar of the hide armor, additional protection against neck attacks.
Slat armor phased out with the Russian trade period, when Chinese coins entered the battle field. Joseph said the coins were easy to use because they already had holes punched into the center, and was less time consuming than weaving sinew around wooden slats. It still offered sturdy protection.
Joseph said that because of the layering, it even protected the warriors against early musket fire.
The art: The dagger is a traditional copper blade, with a wooden handled carved into a brown bear, with an abalone inlay.
The bow is carved from yew.
Tradition: Joseph said the Tlingits used copper before the Europeans arrived. Daggers were later made with steel as trade increased. Typically pieces had intricately designed handles.
Joseph found some war clubs that had sea lion teeth embedded into the end piece.
Wish I could make it to Wrangell for this.
By MARK D. MILLER
Twenty people left Douglas early Wednesday afternoon aboard two canoes headed to Wrangell for the rededication of the Chief Shakes Tribal House, an historic clan house that has been undergoing extensive renovations.
The teams of canoers from the Native organization One People Canoe Society loaded up their boats and departed Douglas Harbor in the wind and rain shortly after noon.
The canoers plan to reach Wrangell by next Thursday for the tribal house’s rededication ceremony, which will be held May 4 after two days of activities and events leading up to the daylong celebration.
“There’s people coming from all over,” said Gianna Willard, a canoer from Ketchikan.
Yarrow Vaara, who sits on One People Canoe Society’s board of directors but is not among the people canoeing to Wrangell for the event, said the two teams that left Douglas Wednesday will be accompanied by support craft for the duration of the voyage and will be joined by canoe teams from other communities as well.